How can you prevent a future unwanted pregnancy?

Reports have shown that in a year, 85 percent of women who don't use any contraceptive as a precaution during sex pregnant. There is a myth that a woman can't get pregnant if she is in her menstrual cycle, the fact is that she can get pregnant. Even women who is breast feeding from about 10 to 15 days after child birth have a high chance of getting pregnant. Even if the penis is withdrawn prior to ejaculation doesn't prevent a women to get pregnant as well as it doesn't prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. This is the reason, it is very important to always opt for a contraceptive form, so that it becomes easy for you to prevent pregnancy as well as any type of sexually transmitted diseases also.

You will be able to prevent pregnancy only if you opt for total abstinence or proper use of contraceptives. If you are sexually active and don't want to get pregnant, then it is all the more important that you use contraception for precaution. It is important to notice that no method of contraception is able to give hundred percent of protection. There are male latex condoms available in the market is considered to be most effective and it reduces the risk of spreading of sexually transmitted diseases also. Other type of contraption like birth control pills, IUDs and implants are not able to give you protection against STD infection as the condoms does.

Below is a list of some of the best forms of contraceptive ways, which can help you to prevent unwanted pregnancy:

 

Oral Contraceptives

It is able to protect you against unwanted pregnancy by the action combined by two hormones, estrogen and progestin. These hormones helps the body by preventing ovulation. Such type of medicines are taken everyday as prescribed by your doctor. But if, in case you consume it and vomit or undergo diarrhea then this pill lose their power of controlling the ovulation and because of which, the chances of getting pregnant is high even after consuming it. Some of the side effects of such type of medicines can be headache, weight gain, nausea, breast tenderness, depression and irregular periods as well. It is better to consult your doctor first before going for such type of oral contraception. He will be able to prescribe you the best medicine that will suit you and help you by preventing unwanted pregnancy.

 

Depo-provera

It is a hormonal contraceptive injection, which is injected into the buttock or in the muscle of the arm every three months. This will prevent you from getting pregnant, but the condition is that you are supposed to get this type of contraceptives injected in every three months. If you miss it, then you might get pregnant. Even though the chances of preventing you from unwanted pregnancy are high by such type of injection, but it is not capable of preventing you from sexually transmitted diseases. The side effect of this contraception can be an irregularity of your menstrual cycles and sometimes they may not appear for months, which is quite normal. But if you experience severe pain after getting it injected, then you should let your doctor know about it as soon as possible. It is one of the newest form of contraceptive method, but it is found to be effective also. You can opt for this method, but then you need to make sure that you are getting it injected every three months without much delay.

 

Diaphragm

This type of contraceptives is rarely used by the women, because of a lot of planning involved in it. It is actually a rubber disk which has a flexible rim. It covers the entire cervix, but it must be used together with the spermicide, so that when any sperms get in contact with the disk, then they are killed on the spot to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It is not possible to get it without prescription and it must be fitted only by a health care provider as it comes in different sizes. It is capable of protecting your from pregnancy for six hours and should be left like that in place for at least six hours after the sexual intercourse has taken place. But it should be removed before 24 hours after the intercourse, otherwise you may experience other health issues because of it.

 

Implants

Some of the options for implants are Norplant and Implanon, which is made up for small rubber like rods. This small rubber rods are surgically implanted under the skin of the upper arms. Once it is implanted then this rod are responsible to release contraceptive steroid, which is called levonogestrel. Once you had undergone this surgery, then you don't have to worry about getting pregnant for a long time, as this protection lasts up to 5 years. The protection ranges from 3 to 5 years, depending upon its quality. The side effects that you may experience after undergoing this surgery are weight gain, bone mass lose, changes in menstrual cycle and breast tenderness 

 

IUD

It is one of the most used contraception method by women. Basically, it is a T-shaped device which is inserted into the uterus by the help of a health care provider. You have to undergo a test, so that the health provider can be sure that you are physically fit to carry this device in your body for years. This device remains in it place for about ten years. You can choose a device which offer prevention against unwanted pregnancy for three, five or ten years. It is one of the most effective ways to prevent pregnancy, but still it is not capable of preventing you or your parent from STD and other such type of disease.

It has the lowest rate of failure till date, this is the reason that many women prefer to go for this type of contraceptives. Sometimes it may happens that it expel from the body, to ensure that it is still in it pace, you have to check each month by inserting your finger in your vagina to see if you still feel the threads of the IUD, after your period is over. Some of the side effects that you may experience after insertion of IUD are cramps and abnormal bleeding, weight gain or weight loss. But this type of side effects occurs only when IUD is not inserted properly. You will also find emergency IUD, which must be inserted within five days of unprotected sex and can stay there for 5 to 10 years without any problem.

 

Female Sterilization

It is done only by surgery. The ligation of the tubes take place at the time of surgery, so that the egg-cells are prevented by getting in contact with the sperm cells, in order to prevent any pregnancies in future. This type of contraceptives methods gives you permanent solution. Once you have undergone this surgery, then you can be tension-free of any worries related to getting pregnant. If you are planning to stop having kids, then this is one of the best methods that you can go for. It is a one time surgery, after that you don't have to worry about getting pregnant in the future.

 

Emergency Contraception

If you had unprotected sex, then you can go for such type of emergency contraceptive pills within 72 hours, in order to prevent unwanted pregnancy. You can go for combination pills which consists of estrogens and progesterone, such type of birth control pills are very effective and abort the fetus, in case you get pregnant because of the unprotected sex. Even though it is very effective, but studies have shown that there are many women, who haven't got any benefits from such type of pills and have got pregnant. It is not able to give you hundred percent protection against unwanted pregnancy.

Once you plan for having a baby, then you simply have to discontinue the use of the contraceptive methods that you are using. If you are not sure how to stop them just like that or if you worry about its side effects, then it is better that you consult your doctor about your worries and he will be able to help you in the best way possible.

These are some of the options for contraception that are taken by women in order to avoid the risk of getting pregnant. All the contraception methods mentioned above are very effective, but doesn't guarantee hundred percent protection. Even though you may prevent you from future pregnancies, but they are not capable of providing protection against sexually transmitted diseases in any manner. So before choosing a contraceptive method for you, it is better that you discuss it with your doctor and he will acknowledge you about its pros and cons. Hence it will be quite easy for you to choose the best contraceptives for you and your partner and get protected from unwanted pregnancies in the future.

Published on